Shan State Army

   (SSA) (SOUTH)
   An ethnic armed group that continues to resist the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). After Khun Sa signed a cease-fire with the SPDC's predecessor, the State Law and Order Restoration Council, in January 1996, the Shan State Army (South) was constituted from contingents of the drug warlord's Mong Tai Army. Its commander is Colonel Yord Serk, who has fought as an insurgent since the age of 17. Its armed strength is estimated at between 1,000 and 2,000 guerrillas. In contrast to Khun Sa's armed group, the SSA (South) claims to be suppressing the traffic in opium and heroin in the territories it controls. It operates in central Shan State, and the post1988 military regime has subjected as many as 300,000 Shans in the region to forced relocation in an effort to undercut the SSA (South)'s popular bases of support. It has also encouraged the United Wa State Army to enclose and contain the Shan guerrillas, which has caused border tensions and fighting with Thailand. The SSA (South), formerly known as the Shan United Revolutionary Army (SURA), has made alliances with other non-cease-fire groups, the Karen National Union, the Karenni National Progressive Party, and the Chin National Front.
   See also Human Rights in Burma.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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